Bipolar disorder is a lifelong medical condition that requires one to take medication indefinitely. It is not something to be countered by just sheer will power, it is like high blood pressure or heart disease where certain special medication is required. Bipolar distorts one perception of things, and just like glasses, bipolar medication will help you “see” clearly again
There are a number of medications provided for bipolar but there most certainly the best kind.
Which bipolar medication is best?
Doctors and specialists employ the use of different classes of drugs in the treatment of bipolar. In the case of bipolar mania, Lithium, some anticonvulsants and antipsychotics and even to an extent some benzodiazepines.
In the case of bipolar depression, other medication is needed mood stabilizers and sometimes antidepressants are introduced. Also, antipsychotic drugs employed in the treatment of bipolar depression can be used.
Mood stabilizers are a medication that treats and prevent hypomanic and manic episodes (highs) and subsequent depressing episodes (lows). Mood stabilizing medication also help to minimize negative effects on daily functioning like work and school and even social interactions. Although the FDA doesn’t classify medication as ‘mood-stabilizers’, the term is used informally for medication that has antidepressant and antimanic properties that prevent worsening mood states over time
However not all drugs have equal effects, Lithium the most commonly used and most effective in treating manias than depression. Antidepressants like lamotrigine, on the other hand, is less effective in mania symptom treatment. The psychiatric association recommends drug synergism, where both drugs are used together to elicit good effects.
Lithium is administered as a salt under various generic names as a mood stabilizer medication, reducing the risk of developing mood swings potentially by 80%. Regular blood tests are also suggested when under lithium medication and also kidney and thyroid toxicity levels
Antidepressants prescribed for bipolar disorder
These are employed to treat the lows (depressive disorders). In the case of bipolar disorder, they are used together with a recommended primary mood stabilizer. In this case, Lithium-based drugs which are essentially the first line of acute bipolar depression in patients.
The only approved acute bipolar depression medication by the FDA are, Seroquel, Symbax (olanzapine-fluoxetine combination) and Latuda. Lithium and its derivatives are added to enhance the overall antidepressant effect.
Antidepressant medication is usually added in bipolar disorder treatment after the antimanic drug has been started, to elicit better results and avoid drug counter-interactions. Fewer antidepressant drugs have been studied in bipolar disorder setting compared to unipolar normal depressions, good examples include Wellbutrin, Prozac, and Zoloft.
Statistics have suggested that 10-20% of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, use of antidepressants may cause shifts from the depression state to manic or hypomanic episodes. Healthcare experts are usually implored to provide information and careful monitoring of their patients if they administer antidepressants on them.
Other form of therapy have been introduced that are non-medicating they include;
Even though it has been controversial, this form of therapy, also known as shock therapy, is considered safe and has been shown to be extremely effective
Brain Neurostimulation therapy
The brain neurons are stimulated.